A Freestanding Stove is usually
one of the simpler installations and is the obvious choice if you are
replacing your old wood stove. Rudy's will run a gas line to come up
behind the unit (to
hide it), and the venting can be set up in a few different ways.
Although all freestanding models have fan kits, the contemporary models
tend to come stock with them, and cast iron models tend to come stock
without. Fans help distribute the heat quicker by 'destratifying'
the hot and cold air layers (ie. heat rises, cold sinks) much like a
ceiling fan. A fan is recommended if the unit is intended to be used
primarily for heat, and secondarily for ambience.
Most freestanding stoves are currently being made in Direct
(DV) versions. This makes it easy to utilize the old smoke pipe
thru your roof (if that's what you have now, that is). Effectively, the old
pipe becomes the fresh air return vent, and the exhaust vent passes thru
the center of it in a separate pipe. Standard Direct Vent (hard
pipe) is run to the ceiling where a conversion kit (made for 8 5/8"
10 1/2" or 13" Outer Diameter smoke pipe) makes the transition thru the rafters.
The top part of the conversion kit then converts it back to standard pipe for connecting to a vertical cap.
Or, if you plan on re-doing your roof sometime in the
near future, you may want to run DV pipe all the way up and flash it for
the appropriate size all at once. Then you can get rid of the
smoke pipe you may never use again.
Another very common way to use Direct Vent is to simply
run a 24" pipe vertically up from the freestanding stove and then run a 90 degree
section from it out the wall to a sidewall cap. For Tahoe, we use
high-wind caps exclusively.
In older homes and cabins, a B-Vent can be
used quite effectively and is usually a little less expensive than a
Direct Vent installation. B-Vent draws its air for combustion from
inside the room. The reason it works well in older homes is because
they usually 'breathe' well (ie. leaky). This can be
advantageous in controlling moisture related problems like mold -
something that newer homes seem to have more issues with.